The Theoretical Framework of Emotional Resilience Studying
Emotional resilience is defined as an integrative property of the individual, which is provided by a balanced dynamic interaction of single subsystems of the cyclic multilevel functional system of behavioral regulation, and determines the effectiveness of management and goal achievement in significant emotionogenic situations. There is analyzed the role of emotional experience in constructing the image of the needful future, as well as its influence on the individual’s motivation and behavior. It was conducted the study of the influence of different groups of emotions on emotional resilience, for which the five-component typology of basal emotions was used. It is established that emotional resilience depends on the general alignment of the parameters of experience and activity types in which this experience was formed, and the attribution of this or that individual to a certain qualitative type of emotionality is not extrapolated to the level of his/her emotional stability. It was found that emotional resilience predetermines the choice of the suitable action plan (the image of a needful future) and the peculiarities of its direct realization (performance manner) and is determined both by experience with the included core representations and by the primary (superficial) representations – the forms of activity (and one of the factors usually prevails in a particular situation). It is concluded that emotional resilience clearly does not correlate with the intensity of negative feelings, although the latter are somewhat higher in the group of emotionally irresilient subjects.