The Problem of Personality’s Choice of The Ways of Political-and-Legal Self- Determination in the Situation of Social Upheavals
The article is dedicated to the creation of theoretical foundations for the study and optimization of those subjective strategies to which the person uses while solving the problems of political and legal identification. The author defends the notion that during the period of social upheavals in Ukraine, the result of socialization (in particular, acquisition of political and legal identity) depends not only on the competing influences of various agents of socialization but on how the person chooses between different ways of comprehension of reality. The necessity of the studying of the subjective ways of implementing identity elections, and not only studying the content and structure of the identities acquired by it, is emphasized. The article notes that J. Marsia’s conception of the identity status is aimed at revealing the ways with the help of which the subject of socialization creates the semantic basis of their identification choices. It is shown that the type of individual’s self-limitation, which violates the stabilization or modification of the acquired model of identity, gives an opportunity to highlight four basic strategies of an interaction of the subject of choice with different variants of constructing reality. Such strategies are: balanced implementation of intentions of self-realization and self-development (“identity achievement”); the mutual restriction of these intentions (“foreclosure identity”); mainly the restriction of the intention of self-realization (“identity diffusion”) or, preferably, the intention of self-development (“moratorium on identity”). The author concludes that the involvement of the subject of socialization in communicative practices, where his semantic self-limitations will be removed contributes to overcoming of identity crises.