Structural and Logical Model of Citizens’ Reflection of the Principles of Mutual Understanding on Values in Modern Ukraine
The article covers one of the stages of social and psychological research of mutual understanding on values among Ukrainian citizens in a context of the military conflict. Its goal was to determine the parameters by which respondents make reflexive inferences about such an understanding. By the semi-standardized interview method, 45 residents of Kyiv were interviewed. They were asked to evaluate the previously developed list of the principles of mutual understanding. According to the results of content analysis of the received answers, nine parameters are selected. Seven of them are of formal-logical character: agreement/disagreement with the proposed principle (the degree of acceptance of its appropriateness, recognition of expediency of implementation in public life); assessment of effectiveness of the principle implementation (the degree of belief in the fact that its implementation will contribute to achievement of mutual understanding on values in society); assessment of the current state of affairs in society (statement, mostly negative, of general socio-economic situation or characteristic of its special aspects); attempts to explain causes of social processes (reasoning about the grounds for the emergence of certain phenomena and conditions of their course); search of probable perpetrators (determination of any of social development agents’ fault, an attempt to explain the relevant processes as a result of their activities); making other suggestions (trying to change the discourse of a problem, to offer one’s own vision of events and phenomena); induction to change or action (justification of the need to act in a certain direction, advocating the correct, by the respondent’s opinion, changes). The two parameters are relatively more meaningful: political and ideological assessments and assessments of state power. With the help of cluster analysis, the main directions of Ukrainian citizens’ reflection of the principles of mutual understanding are presented: general assessment of the socio-political situation, orientation towards the future, conspiracy explanations, change of discourse, assessment of the influence of external and internal factors, assessment of patriotism and of the social development prospects. Subsequently, the described parameters should form the structural and logical basis for the practical organization of citizens’ reflection of the principles of mutual understanding on values in modern Ukraine.