Group Interaction as the Dynamics of the Group Conscious and Unconscious
The categories of group consciousness and group unconscious are defined as
basic ones in the group interaction conception and considered as its essential factors.
Group interaction in social groups is presented as a complex system of various
processes which represent a certain proportion of group dynamics and group statics.
It is noted that these processes naturally accompany all stages of the group life and
can proceed in conditions of dynamic or static equilibrium. The author proceeds from
the fact that social group at all stages of its development solves the set of different
group tasks (professional, educational, etc.), which are based on the processing of
the group psychological material: new information, emotions, and feelings, actions
occurring in the group. The cause of the problem is recognized in the disbalance
between conscious and unconscious factors of interaction; while it is observed an
unconscious component strengthening of the group psychic which is accompanied
by an increase in tension. Attention is drawn to that at the initial stage of the crisis
the group is kept in a state of static equilibrium: mental energy, which is accumulated in
such conditions (mostly unconscious), is spent on repression of the negative cognitive
and emotional material, rather than on resolving contradictions; it can lead to destructive
processes, but at the same time - it can be the cause of group parallel processes which
weaken the tension by problem solving imitation. Parallel processes are associated
with the processing of group information which are not coped by the group, as well
as with the transfer of problems which are beyond the group process. It is argued
that these processes can be controlled by socio-psychological technologies’ usage.