The Role of Psychological Defence in Emergence of Deviations in Personality’s Development

  • Nataliia Maksymova
Keywords: deviations of personality development, psychologically traumatizing situation, child, negative estimations from meaningful adults, defence mechnanisms


It is analyzed how deviations emerge within the personality development of
children, which takes place as the result of psychologically traumatizing situations,
particularly of sustainable negative estimations from meaningful adults. Usually, negative
estimations from adults cause negative emotional experiences for a child, that motivates

him/her to behavioral adjustment in a way defined by educators’ requirements. However,
such process of social norms learning is just an approximate framework, which takes
into account neither individual features of a child nor social situations of personality
development of each child. Moreover, negative parents’ estimation of some child’s
acts quite often tends to extend on his/her whole personality, thus predetermining
frustration of two vitally important social necessities at once: need of positive parents’
estimation and need of self-esteem, positive self-appraisal. It is found out as a result
of the research, what effect psychological defense mechanisms have on deviations
within the child’s personality development. It is proven that sustainable negative
estimations of a child’s behavior (and furthermore his/her whole personality) constitute
a psychologically traumatizing situation. In the midst of this negative emotional
experiencing, arising because of unsuccessful attempts to master key social norms, a
child begins to perceive this situation of difficulty as a situation of impossibility. At
this very moment not only situation itself is being re-evaluated but values too. Because
of psychological defense mechnanisms, a child devaluates the necessity to internalize
social norms and rules. The study was conducted during 2008-2017; research sample
was formed on the basis of experience of advisory work with deviant behavior
teenagers and their parents. Following research methods were applied: experimental
conversation, Rosenzweig’s frustration test, method of tasks choice with varying
degrees of complexity. The research sample was represented by 176 teenagers and
204 adults (their parents). Results showed that psychological defense can cause
negative effects that lead to the formation of negative personality traits.

How to Cite
Maksymova, N. (2018). The Role of Psychological Defence in Emergence of Deviations in Personality’s Development. Scientific Studios on Social and Political Psychology, (42(45), 52-62.