The Experience of War: Conflict Thinking and Conflict Interaction

  • Olha Kukharuk
Keywords: conflicts, group interaction, hostilities, martial thinking, veterans’ adaptation


Based on the mass survey results there are analyzed the causes of conflicts
that arise while civilians-combatants interaction. It is noted that today the certain
attitudes are rooted in society towards servicemen’s participation in the war and
their role in it; moreover, these attitudes can differ and can coincide in combatants
and in civilians. It is revealed that conflict interaction caused to some extent, on the
one hand, by civilians’ attitudes (which are based on the riddance of combatants’
subjectivity and excessive pathologization of the process of their return to civil life),
on the other hand, conflicts may be caused by combatants’ attitudes towards exaggerated

civilians’ aggression against them. The results of the mass social survey are presented,
during which it is discovered that such conflicts most often arise within the state
representatives and the state bodies, in everyday social life, or in the sphere of family
relations. Based on the results of the survey, it is made a conclusion that Ukrainian
context of conflicts between combatants and civilians is related to the unconsciousness of
civilian population of real ideas about the war; the hostilities and their impact on
combatants; the prolonged combatants presence in the area of hostilities; the general
state of social tension caused by military actions and socio-economic situation in the
country; the general, typical for all human kind perception mistakes and cognitive
distortions; the overstated level of mutual expectations about the role of each party in
public life and responsibility for it; the purposeful formation of distorted representations
as an element of propaganda and part of a hybrid war, etc. The results of the survey
showed that there is also a significant number of citizens who are not certain about
their attitude to important war-peace issues. It is made an assumption that the general
mechanisms of uncertainty feeling, unfortunately, anticipate the increase in quantity
of negative, aggressive manifestations.

How to Cite
Kukharuk, O. (2018). The Experience of War: Conflict Thinking and Conflict Interaction . Scientific Studios on Social and Political Psychology, (42(45), 41-51.