Separatists or Ukrainians? Way to Agree

  • Vitalii Dukhnevych
Keywords: political-legal consciousness, identity, conflict, agreement, dialogue


It is shown that the military conflict involves not only those who are in the
area of hostilities or who hold weapons in their hands but also peaceful citizens who
experience the direct or indirect influence of these hostilities. The emphasis is on the
problem of using language cliche (for example, “separatist”, “nationalist” and others)
as an instrument of simplified understanding of the situation and involvement in the
conflict. The idea of the necessity of developing programs of psychological support,
rehabilitation, and reintegration of combatants and inhabitants of the occupied territories
into the peaceful space of society's life is noted. It is formulated and described the
problem with the greatest conflict potential in terms of formation of the national
identity: 1) the use of language markers; 2) unpreparedness to forgive in case of
relatives’ lost as a result of military conflict; 3) evaluation of the events of the end of
2013 – beginning of 2014; 4) attitude towards the political leaders of the Russian

Federation; 5) vision of Donbas future. It was defined which representations are
common to the citizens of the controlled and of the occupied territories: negative
attitude to military actions; no hate to ordinary citizens; dissatisfaction with the corrupt
actions of the authorities; the notion of inadmissibility of looting; the ideas of possible
ways of developing of a military conflict; an idea of the role and interests of the
Russian Federation in a military conflict. The model of the search for consent and
understanding of citizens of controlled and temporarily occupied territories is presented.
The model describes 1) steps to form a common image of the situation; 2) creating
an optimal model of interaction; 3) the need to create inventory resources and means
of implementation of the proposed model. It is emphasized the need to develop the
criteria for assessing the fairness of decision making in various problem situations.
A number of reflexive questions are proposed which allow reducing the bias towards
the inhabitants of the occupied regions of Donetsk and Luhansk. The conclusion is
made on the necessity of program developing on psychological support for the processes
of formation and development of national identity for inhabitants of the occupied

How to Cite
Dukhnevych, V. (2018). Separatists or Ukrainians? Way to Agree. Scientific Studios on Social and Political Psychology, (42(45), 31-40.