Experience of opposition with the world as a subject of objectivation in psychotherapeutic wor
The purpose of the study was to develop an algorithm for overcoming the client’s problem oppositional experiences in the psychotherapeutic process and its methodological and procedural support.
The created technology is based on the theoretical psychological study of conceptions dedicated to the analysis of emotional response deep content (С. Izard, R. Plutchik, G. Kellerman, V. Leontiev, V. Levkin, O. Matveev, etc.), as well as on the generalization of typological and characterological human being’s status (K. Jung, N. McWilliams, S. Johnson, A. Beck, R. Kurz, D. Boadella, etc.).
As a result of the analysis, nine typical modes of human experience were identified (Dramatization, Avoidance, Caution, Dependence, Isolation, Rivalry, Research, Involvement-Expansion, Equilibrium), based on a condensed archaic action towards the world. Transformation towards more complex forms of experience activity determines the appropriate change of the archetypal adaptation strategy to more effective human interaction with reality.
The method «Stimulus, Emotion, Type» includes 1) associative cards batch with the names of emotions that describe typical modes of experience; 2) cyclic map-scheme; 3) methodical recommendations on procedural and interpretative aspects of work.
The abscissa of the map-scheme is a continuum of separation/union; the ordinate of the map-scheme is the continuum of passivity (stagnation) / activation (development). They define the plane of segments that divide all human reactions into constructive (Accommodation and autonomy system) and destructive (Assimilation and dependence system) ones. Functional diagnostics and working through the client’s condition by means of the created tools helps understand the deep emotional intention of the dominant system of a client’s mutual configuration with reality, to reflect its causality (subjectivity or objectivity) and orientation (to oneself, to the world, to equality of interaction).
Defining an individual algorithm of oppositional experiences allows the psychologist to quickly distance the client from problematic experiences and discuss a more effective strategy to solve a problem.