Reconstruction of social environment influences on the development of future teachers' citizenship competencies
It is presented the results of the empirical study on the social environment influences on the development of future teachers’ citizenship competencies.
It is reconstructed the structure and determined the modality of the direct, indirect, and mediated forms of the environment influence aimed at restriction, motivation, and approval of citizenship practices.
It is found that the mediated forms (facilitation, encouragement, approval, support, celebration, recognition, etc.) prevail in the structure of the environment influences. These forms are not oriented toward practice correction or development.
It is significantly more seldom that the environment uses the direct (restriction by norms, rules, regulations, judgments, customs), and indirect (motivation by prompting, explanation, clarification, specification, providing arguments, reinforcement) influence forms, which have much stronger development potential.
There are analyzed the peculiarities of the environment influences on establishing citizenship practices relating to different groups of competencies: value, motivational, relational, cognitive, and identification ones.
The direct influence forms by their orientation and modality often do not meet the criteria of the developing environment, which particularly refers to the restriction of such practices as openness; law obedience, and reporting; trust; confrontation’s and extreme judgments’ avoidance.
At the same time, it is turned out to be a small segment of the motivational influences which stimulate the critical attitude to information, trust to government institutions and authorities, avoidance of confrontation, refusal from the «common good to one’s own benefits» idea, and from domination.
Among those that meet the criteria of the developing environment in the best way are the influences oriented at the establishment of citizenship self-identification practices, values of solidarity, and self-organization to solve common problems.
The future research will focus on the determination of the directions and means of adjustment of the environment influences in order that their character and structure may better meet the developing environment criteria.