Theoretical-methodological fundamentals of socio-psychological research of the nation-building process: subjective-actional approach

Keywords: people, nation, nation-building process, collective subject of nation-building, conceptual model of nation-building, socio-psychological mechanisms of nation-building, theoretical-methodological principles of nation-building process’ research, subject-actional approach

Abstract

The presented article completes the series of publications, which reflect the results of the development of theoretical-methodological foundations for socio-psychological research of the nation-building process from the standpoint of the subject-actional approach.

It is made the theoretical analysis and synthesis of scientific ideas on the socio-psychological nature of the nation as a large social group, to determine the essence of a number of key conceptual constructs, namely: "nation-building as a collective activity", "people as a collective subject of nation-building", "functional structure of the nation-building process", "socio-psychological mechanisms of nation-building", etc.

It is considered as one of the basic ones the contradiction between the scientific idea of spontaneous nature, the objective nature of the nation-building process, and the idea of the possibility of purposeful, organized creation of a nation by a certain community as a collective subject of social life.

Thus, attention is drawn to the need to distinguish and reconcile the concepts of "nation-building" with its vague subjectivity, and "nation-building", which more clearly involves the actor, creator, subject.

As a methodological basis of the study was chosen a subject-actional approach, adapted to the scientific knowledge of socio-psychological phenomena. Due to the above theoretical-methodological approaches, a hypothetical socio-psychological conceptual model of the nation-building process is developed.

It consists of six structural-functional blocks, namely: block of the motivation of nation-building and corresponding goal-setting; instrumental block; block of decision-making on the transition from designing to the practical realization of nation-building goal; block of practical implementation of decision-making; block of nation-building results’ evaluation; block of creative generalization of nation-building experience as a basis for the transition to higher-level activities.

It is established that working out of each structural-functional block presupposes achievement of a certain group psychological effect, in particular, concerning the first block – formation in participants of not simply thought or faith, but belief in truth and significance of nation-building idea, ability, and readiness by word and deed to defend these beliefs.

Therefore, the key role in the organization of socio-psychological support of the nation-building activity of the collective subject here is given to the propositional mechanism of persuasion.

Thus, the formation of a holistic conceptual idea of the structure, functions, mechanisms, and logic of the nation-building process as purposeful subject-action activity of its participants (people led by the spiritual elite) provided an opportunity to formulate a number of theoretical and methodological foundations of its socio-psychological research.

Author Biography

Vitalii Tatenko, Institute for Social and Political Psychology, NAES of Ukraine

Corresponding Member of NAES of Ukraine,

Doctor of Psychological Sciences, Chief Research Associate,

Laboratory of Methodology of Psychosocial and Political-Psychological Researches,

Institute for Social and Political Psychology, NAES of Ukraine,

Kyiv, Ukraine

Published
2020-12-25
How to Cite
Tatenko, V. (2020). Theoretical-methodological fundamentals of socio-psychological research of the nation-building process: subjective-actional approach. Scientific Studios on Social and Political Psychology, (46(49). https://doi.org/10.33120/ssj.vi46(49).152
Section
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