System of social-psychological technologies for the formation of competent parenting to children with autism
It is given the theoretical substantiation and description of practices and algorithms for the functioning of separate elements and the whole system of socio-psychological technologies to form parental competence for children with autism.
Based on the results of the previous theoretical analysis, it is made modeling for the system of socio-psychological technologies to form parental competence regards children with autism.
Each of the technologies included in the system has certain features due to the duration of use, its purposes, and organization-psychological conditions of use. Together, they should have a positive impact on the psychological quality of life of parents.
The system contains technologies such as parental narrative counseling; express training course for competent parenting on the upbringing of children with autism; socio-psychological training of competent interaction between specialists of educational system and parents; a prolonged training program for competent parenting on the upbringing of children with autism, with psychoeducation by the Method of Incomplete Situations; psychological counseling for parents of children with autism; the historical method and the storytelling method.
The system of socio-psychological technologies for the formation of parental competence in the upbringing of children with autism allows forming the competence of parents of children and adolescents with autism, who are at different levels of parental competence, over a long period.
Important conditions for the effective functioning of the system are the competent interaction between the specialists, who provide psychological-pedagogical assistance to children with autism, and parents, and the accessibility of such professionals who perform the role of expert/moderator for competent parenting to parents.
Fundamental researches on parenting practices of interaction with children with autism, identifying links between the child and parent characteristics, and the parent characteristics and levels of parental competence will help to build a science-based system to promote competent parenting for children with autism, to increase the level and quality of interaction between parents and specialists of educational and rehabilitation institutions who work with such children.
This will also promote the programs of support of parental competence for children with autism to the level of municipal support programs for parents of children with disabilities, and to promote the implementation of support programs for parents in general protocols for autism intervention, care, and assistance.