Personality’s psychological well-being during the transition from war to peace
The purpose of the study was to clarify the concept of psychological well-being in the conditions of transition from war to peace, and to separate its basic components.
The main research methods were the systematic theoretical analysis, and generalization.
The emphasis is placed on the transitivity of social processes of the modern Ukrainian society, the transition from war to peace is presented as a background for personal crises, instability, helplessness, increased anxiety.
Along to that, the transitional period is considered as an opportunity time for new adaptation strategies developing and psychological well-being reinterpreting.
The concept of psychological well-being in the transition from war to peace is correlated with the classical C. Ryff’s, M. Seligman’s, M. Csikszentmihalyi’s, etc. theories, and there is proposed its new structure in accordance with the most recent researches.
The first component is identified as positive relationships as a reflection of personal peace through the community peace – the ability to accumulate one’s own social capital, to organize one’s own social support, to overcome barriers of interaction.
The second component is the contribution to the well-being of others as the cultivation of one’s own responsibility for the common good through identification with a significant group.
The third component is a sense of competence and ability to provide meaningful activity, which includes the ability to turn to adequate resources, to adapt creatively, to make sense of prevailing conditions, and to find the strength to act.
The fourth component is proposed as the personal goals setting, because awareness of a personal trajectory, of a plan development, of an actions’ sequence give a sense of stability and security.
The fifth element is self-respect and optimism, which help to evaluate personal experience and behave in terms of optimal and positive functioning.
The presented structure of psychological well-being during the transition from war to peace can be used by specialists in the development of programs of socio-psychological assistance for the population as a guide for personal growth.
The prospect of the future research is seen in the search for empirical confirmation of the proposed structure accuracy for today’s Ukrainian society.