Personal and behavioural health resources in Ukrainian students pursuing healthcare degrees: preliminary study
The aim of the study was to explore health behaviours, general self-esteem and sense of coherence, as well as the relationships between them, in Western Ukrainian students pursuing health care degrees. The research sample was composed of students of three Ukrainian Universities in Lviv and Chernivtsi (N=193). Each participant was asked to fill in several questionnaires, namely, the Self-Esteem Scale (SES), the Health Behaviours Inventory (IZZ), and the Sense of Coherence Scale (SOC-29). The collected data were entered and analyzed using IBM SPSS 25. For all purposes, the criteria of significance were considered at p<0,01 & <0.05. Generally, according to the question’s responses, subjects show adequate health resources and self-esteem. There was no significant difference in health resources in the context of the place of origin or the age of the respondents. There are differences between men and women in terms of health practices and a healthy eating style. Ukrainian young men tend to take less care of their health, however, they score higher in two of three dimensions of the sense of coherence, comparing to women. A strong correlation was found between the level of self-esteem and a healthy lifestyle, and sense of coherence. A strong link between the sense of coherence, health behaviours, and self-esteem proves that Ukrainian students have resources to deal with the stress accompanying studies at universities. It may also be viewed as a good indicator for their effective future career in the healthcare sphere. Though, men are inclined to treat their health with less responsibility and not to ask for help until the situation with their health becomes critical. Self-esteem was proved to be crucial for higher scores of the sense of coherence and a tendency to behave in a healthy manner. Further work is planned on the cultural adaptation of tools in the field of health psychology.